This is a generic grouping for 19th-century English-derived typefaces with strong contrast, vertical stress, and bracketed serifs. Until the early 1900s most English-speaking foundries called these simply Roman, Light Face, Modern, Scotch, or listed them with numbers, not names. They evolved into named faces like Century Expanded and De Vinne (used for this sample).
Today, the term “Modern” has come to be applied to faces with higher contrast, and “Scotch” for type with lower contrast, but these distinctions were not standardized at the time. (See De Vinne’s 1885 description and comments.)
A Challenge Sent to the Directors of the Eastern Counties Railway Company1856
Contributed by Stephen Coles