In the 1960s, the F.A. Owen Publishing Company in Dansville, New York, produced various sets of classroom charts, including The Instructor Primary Science Concept Charts for Kindergarten and Primary Grades and The Instructor Kindergarten-Primary Measurement Concept Charts, explaining topics such as animals, air and weather, magnetism, or earth and sky. They were prepared by Donald Nasca and designed by Cynthia Amrine.
If you want to replicate the typography with digital fonts, your best option is Bookman Headline as published by Bitstream. For the sans serif: There are various digitizations of Bernhard Gothic. To my knowledge, the version by Spiece Graphics is the only one to include the Medium Condensed cut.