This 2012 Keepsake for the American Typecasting Fellowship was printed by Alan Dye of Noble Impressions Press using 16 and 36 point Sachsenwald. This blackletter is a lesser-known Berthold Wolpe face designed in the early 1930s before Wolpe fled Germany to England. Monotype in London released it in 1937, on the eve of World War II, but it was officially discontinued in 1967 and fell into obscurity until it was recast in 2007 by the Michael & Winifred Bixler Letterfoundry.
Can anyone share some insight on the weight range of Sachsenwald? In his compilation for the Klingspor-Museum (pdf), Hans Reichardt lists three weights; Sachsenwald-Gotisch (1936), halbfett (1938), fett (no date), all for Monotype. Antonio Cavedoni kindly shared a list of Wolpe’s typeface designs that is included in Sue Fowler’s dissertation at the University of Reading, supervised and annotated by Wolpe himself. This typewritten chronology includes Sachsenwald with a 1937 date. A handwritten addendum mentions “Sachsenwald Light/Bold”. So Wolpe must have designed at least two (L/B), maybe three (L/[R]/B) weights — but were they ever produced?
Ask this person? She seems to have read through the Monotype archives on the production history.
Thanks for reminding me of Sarah Bryant’s absorbing investigation! I have asked her.
The dates for the regular weight are also muddy. Reichardt may be referencing a design (not release) date when he says 1936. It was renamed in 1937 and advertised in the Monotype Recorder that year. Bryant’s photos of the production notes clearly show that the initial style (Series 457) was still in development until well into 1938, though a first release (in some sizes perhaps) probably came earlier.
Sachsenwald was originally commissioned by Ullstein, a German publisher, in 1936, but they had to leave the project behind in mid 1937. It was originally called Bismarck Schrift but later renamed to Sachsenwald when Ullstein left and Monotype decided to release it to general market. I suspect that the 1937 recorder article on blackletter might have been an attempt to raise awareness of blackletter and promote the typeface early.
To answer the original question, there were only two weights: Regular and Mager (Light). There never was a third weight, and the weight shown in the Klingspor PDF is the Regular. At Monotype archive, there is a drawing and proof of Light, but I do not know if it was ever released. There is no clear sign of cencellation mid production but I have not seen it in use at all.
Thank you for the extra info, Toshi! It’s much appreciated.
Yes, I had learned about the Ullstein connection from Sarah’s blog post. I’ll repost my comment here:
The handwritten notes on the inner cover of the file in your third image indeed suggest that Sachsenwald-Gotisch was made by request of Ullstein (and others).
The publishing house was founded by Leopold Ullstein (1826–1899) in 1878. By the 1930s, it was the largest distributor of newspaper, magazines and books. In 1934, Leopold’s sons were forced to sell off the company below price. It ended up in the hands of Zentralverlag der NSDAP Franz Eher Nachf. (partly owned by Hitler personally). In 1937, Ullstein became Deutscher Verlag, see www.polunbi.de/inst/ullstei…
Deutscher Verlag is the name that appears as the commissioner of the initial 24D and several other sizes, suggesting that the work started after the expropriation of the former Jewish owners. It seems cynical that Bismarck-Schrift was chosen as the working title. After all, Ullstein was the primary liberal voice in the 1880s and critical of Bismarck’s politics. de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leopo…
Stähle & Friedel, for whom three smaller sizes were derived, was a major printer in Stuttgart. I don’t know about Aschaffenburg (name of a city) and National Verlag (there were several publishers with this generic name).
Professor James Mosley added some extra comments to Ms. Bryant’s article recently which are interesting reading, although they mostly recap Mr. Hardwig’s information above.
I’m going to visit the Wolpe exhibition in London this weekend that Monotype are putting on to mark their release of a series of Wolpe digitisations, so would be happy to check/photograph anything that’s there.
Photo(s) by Indra Kupferschmid on Flickr.
Contributed by Stephen Coles
Contributed by Indra Kupferschmid
Contributed by Stephen Coles