When the Apple II came to market, Apple Computer (as it was known then) used a series of iconic advertisements that set the tone for the company and the computing market in general. Many of them contained Belwe Bold and a combination of Goudy Heavyface Condensed for titling purposes, creating a distinct visual punch to their ads that only goes to highlight the stale typographic environment that we find today.
However, these typographic treatments conflict historically with one another. Belwe was designed by an early twentieth century German typographer whilst Goudy Heavyface was likewise created by an early twentieth century American typographer. These typefaces cannot be described as even distant relatives of Apple Computer’s logo, Motter Textura, as shown below.
Whilst Apple prepared for the release of the Macintosh in 1984 they decided to move away from some of their use of Bauhaus inspired typography and began to develop a new typographic language for the company. Subsequently they asked Bitstream to work with them in the production. However, instead of making a new typeface from scratch, they simply looked at ITC Garamond condensed and decided to push the limits of these letterforms. According to Wikipedia:
ITC Garamond (created by Tony Stan in 1977) was condensed to 80% of its normal width. Presumably, Apple felt that the existing ITC Garamond Condensed, at 64%, was too narrow.
The layout and typesetting of these advertisements seem to be influenced by the advertising agency Ogilvy and Mather; Apple used a single image followed by a bold headline and then a small article beneath that was split into several columns, a format that was popularised in several very successful adverts.
Is this another example of an homage, or a rip off?
The first “Apple Garamond” was indeed an algorithmically-condensed version of ITC Garamond. It was done by Adobe, had only one weight, and was named ITC Garamond Narrow. Apple later worked with Bitstream to get the Apple Garamond family drawn (resulting in better weighting & contrast than the algorithmic version).
Contributed by Victoria Schwarz
Contributed by Stephen Coles
Contributed by Florian Hardwig