Al Goodman and His Orchestra – Oklahoma album art
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Both styles go back to the mid 1800s. Filmotype Western is a 1950s reprise of the wide, horizontally stressed slab serif that was known in the English-speaking world as French Antique Extended or French Clarendon Extended and in German as Breite Italienne.
Caslon Rounded is part of a series of rounded sans-serif all-caps typefaces that “appeared almost simultaneously on both sides of the Atlantic during the 1830s, in wood in the USA and in metal from the Caslon foundry” in England — Commercial Type. It was revived by ATF as Old Bowery in 1933 and again in 1949. Both styles are listed in a VGC catalog with faces for the Photo Typositor from 1972, as K-20 (an alias for Fimotype Western) and Old Bowery.
Commercial Type’s digital version of Caslon Rounded will be released soon with Commercial Classics. Alan Jay Prescott is working on a digital interpretation, too.
Filmotype Western was digitally revived by Charles Gibbons in 2014. David Jonathan Ross’s most recent release in his Font of the Month Club, Tortellini, is another interpretation of the Extended French Antiques.
This visual comparison shows the original Filmotype Western (top) from the album cover next to the digital version (middle). In the latter, the O is rounder and the diagonals in A are less steep. The bottom line adds Tortellini, which is distinguished by an even rounder O and much finer hairlines. Who knows, maybe DJR is already working on a spinoff with beefier strokes, dubbed Tortelloni?!
See also this other recording with songs from the Oklahoma musical, featuring Filmotype Wand, a wide slab serif with monolinear strokes.