Diet for the Atomic Age was written by Sara Shannon in 1987 and originally issued by Avery Publishing Group Inc. in Wayne, New Jersey. The book reflects on the topic of radiation, especially in the light of the recent Chernobyl disaster (1986), and gives nutritional advices to minimize the impact of the radiation. It was reissued in a Russian translation by the “Belarus” publishing house in Minsk, Belarus in 1991, with a preface to the Soviet reader (this was eight months before the collapse of the USSR) by the author.
I didn’t manage to find the original US issue, but it looks like the Belarusian book cover is replicating it, at least in terms of fonts. The first double page spread probably shows us how the original cover typography looked like, paired with the translated Soviet version. The used fonts are the same, featuring Churchward Design Lines and ITC Serif Gothic, but the original Kabel Light was replaced to Futura.